- ALWD Guide to Legal Citation ALWD
- ALWD Citation Manual - pedia
- Aspen Publishers - ALWD Citation Manual A Professional System of.
- Citation & Writing Styles - Citation Guide Interpreting, Managing.
ALWD Guide to Legal Citation ALWD
, attorneys use legal citations in written documents for a number of reasons, including to “demonstrate that their positions are well researched and well supported,” and to “give credit to those who orinated an idea.” Association of Legal Writing Directors & Darby Dickerson, , particularly the rules on when and where to place citations, how and when to use snals, and how to properly quote authority, will help you appropriately attribute words and ideas in any document you write during your legal career. When and Where to Provide Attribution Both the provides that a citation should be placed immediately after any sentence or clause “that contains a statement of a legal principle, a reference to or description of a legal authority, or an idea, a thought, or an expression borrowed from another source.” , 657 P.2d 293, 304 (Utah 1982). Using “No Snal” to Show Direct Use of Words and Ideas and “See” to Show Indirect Support for Your Own Words and Ideas The conventions of legal citation provide the writer with a unique system of shorthand—the snal—for conveying to the reader not only the source of a word, thought, or idea, but also the kind of support the source provides for the word thought or idea. In this example, the writer tells us that although the case does not directly address false statements about financial status, its holding is sufficient to extend the rule to that kind of situation: “Improper means” include making inaccurate statements about a competitor’s financial viability.
ALWD Citation Manual - pedia
Provide extensive lists of snals that a writer can use, the most important snals to avoiding plagiarism are “no snal” and the snal “see.” By properly using no snal at all with a legal citation or by using the snal “see,” you can convey to the reader when a proposition is drawn from a source or when a source indirectly supports your own analysis. , 657 P.2d at 308 (stating that “disparaging falsehoods” are “improper means”). Properly Quoting Sources to Avoid Plagiarism Whenever you quote or copy words directly from a source, you must place quotation marks around the quoted material and give a citation.
Aspen Publishers - ALWD Citation Manual A Professional System of.
No Snal: Do not use a snal with a citation if the source directly supports a proposition, identifies the source of a quotation, or identifies an authority referred to in the text.
Citation & Writing Styles - Citation Guide Interpreting, Managing.
See: If the authority indirectly or implicitly supports the proposition or if the proposition is supported by dicta in a legal opinion, use the snal “see” with the citation. Thus, to help avoid plagiarism, use the snal “see” any time your own analysis or conclusions are built upon someone else’s words or ideas.
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